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All About Hemorrhoids
Wednesday, November 21, 2018

Hemorrhoids are veins that are inflamed in the lowest region of a person’s rectum and anus. If and when the walls of the blood vessels are stretched thin, the affected veins become swollen. This results in the individual experiencing discomfort when they discharge.

Hemorrhoids are classified as one of the most common reasons for rectal bleeding. However, they are not without cure and treatment results in the condition subsiding within a couple of weeks.

Types

Hemorrhoids are categorized into internal and external ones. The former are those which are far enough inside the rectum that they cannot be seen and in some cases, felt as well. In fact, they do not incite any pain since the depth means that nerves are not present in this area of the body. Therefore, the only method of detection is bleeding. If that transpires, patients are encouraged to consult a specialist immediately.

On the other hand, external hemorrhoids are placed under the skin of the anus, which is comprised of pain sensing nerves. This means that patients who are suffering from this condition a) experience pain and b) bleed as well.

Typically, hemorrhoids prolapse, which means they expand and extend beyond the anal sphincter as a result. In this case, individuals who are affected may be able to recognize a bump that appears pink in color. Another give away is that fact that when they excrete feces, it is likely to hurt considerably.

Furthermore, prolapsed hemorrhoids generally subside without the intervention of medication. They may also be pushed tenderly back into their natural position. Also, the formation of a blood clot may occur when an external hemorrhoid happens. This generally entails a purple or blue clotting.

This instance is known scientifically as a thrombosis. It incites pain and may itch considerably as well. Bleeding is also a strong likelihood. Even if the clot dissolves, the left over skin may become aggravated, which is why patients should adhere to the full treatment prescribed by their doctors.

Causes

In principle, the adjoining veins that surround the anus are stretched beyond their limits when a hemorrhoid takes place. Reasons for why this is likely to happen include significant straining during bowel movements.

Another cause may be the fact that an individual is seated on the toilet for a lengthy duration. Also, chronic diarrhea or constipation may also incite an onset of hemorrhoids in patients. Other potential reasons are obesity, pregnancy, anal intercourse and the consumption of a diet that is bereft of sufficient fiber.

Furthermore, hemorrhoids are likelier to occur with aging, since the tissues that support the veins in the rectum and anus may be weaker. This means they are swollen owing to repeated stretching.

Complications

Finally, hemorrhoids can lead to the advent of other intricacies as well. For example, anemia may transpire in patients. This is when their body is bereft of adequate red blood cells. A low count of RBC means oxygen is not carried properly to the cells in their body.

If you have experienced any of the aforementioned signs, we suggest paying a visit to the Colon and Rectal Disease Center as soon as possible.



 
 
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