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Hemorrhoids, What Are They and How to Get Rid of Them
Wednesday, June 20, 2018

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are an embarrassing condition that many people suffer from and hesitate to talk about or consult a doctor about. It is a common condition, and happens to 75% of the people at least once in their lifetime. This painful condition can really interfere with people’s daily routine. Understanding about this condition can help take the right course of action if someone has hemorrhoids.

What Are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are basically veins around the rectum or the lining of the skin that get puffed-up and enlarged. Hemorrhoids can be of two types, internal (i.e. when the veins around the lining of the rectum are involved) or external (i.e. when the veins on the outside around the anus are affected). It is very possible to have the external and the internal hemorrhoids at the same time.

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

People suffering from this condition may experience the following symptoms:
  • Pain and irritation around the anus
  • Severe itching and discomfort around the anus
  • May feel lumps around the anus
  • Difficult and painful bowel movement
  • There may be blood along with stool
  • In extreme cases due to a lot of blood loss the person may also appear pale and develop anemia
What Causes Hemorrhoids?

There is no distinct known reason for hemorrhoids to happen but there are some possible factors that increase the likelihood of hemorrhoids. It can happen due to excessive straining and extra pressure on the abdomen. Constipation and excessive cough can cause the hemorrhoids to flare up. Sitting for extensive periods of time, in particular on the toilet seat, can also increase the chances of developing hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids may be genetically passed down. A low fiber diet can also promote this condition.

What You Should Do When You Get Hemorrhoids?

Taking precautions to avoid getting hemorrhoids should be the priority for people. But if they do develop this uncomfortable condition, they should immediately consult a specialist. In this case, they are usually asked to take the following actions to ease the pain and avoid deteriorating the situation.

Taking pain relievers to reduce the pain can be a good option for diminishing the excruciating pain some patients may experience. Taking Sitz bath 3 to 4 times a day for 10 to 15 minutes can be helpful, as sitting in warm water will reduce the pain and relive the symptoms.

Applying ointments and topical medication can also help in relieving pain and discomfort.

The person suffering from hemorrhoids should increase the fiber intake to make the stool softer and reduce strain. Doctors may also prescribe stool-softening medication. This not only alleviates the pain but also avoids further complication. The person when ever feels the bowel movement, should immediately go to the toilet to relieve themselves and not delay as this can also complicate the problem.

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