The Symptoms & Causes of Colon Cancer
Friday, April 13, 2018
Colon cancer is basically a cancer of large intestine that is known as colon in medical terms.
Colon happens to be the final part of your digestive tract. Most of the cases of colon cancer begin as small and benign clumps of cells that are called adenomatous polyps. If the case worsens then these polyps can convert into colon cancer.
However, these polyps can be small and may produce few symptoms. That’s why a doctor’s recommendation is to have periodical screening tests. These preventative tests can keep you at bay from this life threatening disease as they will help in diagnosing or identifying these polyps at an early stage before they convert into cancerous cells.
Symptoms of Colon Cancer
Following symptoms of colon cancer should catch your attention so that best measures can be taken.
At an early stage of colon cancer many people don’t experience any proper symptoms. And when these symptoms do appear, their intensity depends on the size and location of cancer in your large intestine.
- A change in your your bowel movements. It could be diarrhea, constipation or some other inconsistency of your stool that extends to more than four weeks.
- Blood in your stool or rectal bleeding
- Constant discomfort in abdomen like cramps, pain and gas
- An uncomfortable feeling that your bowels do not empty completely
- Feeling weak and fatigued quite often
- Losing weight without any explainable reason
When Should the Doctor Be Consulted
Primarily, once you see or feel these symptoms you should consult a doctor for an opinion without any further delay. There’s no hesitation in going in for a checkup. Sometimes people who are in their fifties begin their regular screening as a part of their routine checkup. However, your physician might advise these screenings at an early age if you have a family history of this disease or other risk factors like alcoholism, smoking, obesity, diabetes, sedentary lifestyle and low fiber & high fat diet pattern.
Causes of Colon Cancer
Mostly doctors are unable to diagnose the exact causes of colon cancer. However, what is known to them is that colon cancer can occur if the healthy cells in your colon begin to develop errors in their genetic blueprint i.e. the DNA. These healthy cells grow and are divided orderly in your body to keep it functioning in the normal way, but when a cell’s DNA gets damaged and becomes cancerous, these cells continue to grow even when new cells are not needed. These new cells begin to accumulate, and as a result form a tumor.
Some Preventative Measures
In order to reduce the risk of being afflicted with this disease you can take the following preventative measures in your daily life.
Taking an appointment and getting yourself checked up at the very first sight of a symptom can help you. If you’re seeking medical attention and a professional guidance in regards to matters that concern colon and rectal diseases then visit the Colon & Rectal Disease Center for a valuable and professional advice that can save your life.
- Make sure you eat whole grains, vegetables and fruits as a part of your daily meal. These food items contain antioxidants, vitamins and minerals that can prevent you from all sorts of cancers.
- Minimize the consumption of alcohol
- Stop smoking
- Make exercise a daily habit
- Maintain a healthy weight
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